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colonialism and anticolonialism


Definitions from the Web


Colonialism refers to the policy or practice of a foreign power establishing control over a territory, often distant from its own borders, and exploiting it economically, politically, and culturally.

Sense 1: Political or Economic Colonialism

In this sense, colonialism refers to the establishment and maintenance of colonies by one country in another, typically involving the exploitation of resources and the imposition of political control.

Example sentence: The effects of colonialism can still be seen today in the economic disparities between former colonies and their colonizers.

Sense 2: Cultural Colonialism

Here, colonialism refers to the domination and imposition of one culture or civilization onto another, often resulting in the erosion or suppression of local customs, traditions, and languages.

Example sentence: The spread of European languages during the era of colonialism contributed to the decline of many indigenous languages.

Sense 3: Historical Era

This term can also describe the historical era when European powers colonized various regions across the globe, starting from the 15th century until the mid-20th century.

Example sentence: The Age of Exploration marked the beginning of an era of extensive colonialism by European powers.

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Anticolonialism is the opposition or resistance to colonialism, aimed at dismantling imperialist systems and restoring autonomy, self-governance, and cultural identity to colonized peoples and territories.

Sense 1: Ideological Opposition

Anticolonialism can refer to an ideology, movement, or political stance that actively opposes colonialism and seeks to eradicate its influence.

Example sentence: Many countries in Africa and Asia fought for independence through anticolonialism movements.

Sense 2: Cultural or Academic Discourse

Anticolonialism can also characterize scholarly discourses and cultural expressions that challenge and critique colonial ideologies and structures.

Example sentence: Postcolonial literature often explores themes of anticolonialism, examining the effects of imperialism on culture and identity.

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